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Unix was created in the 1960s at Bell Laboratories in New Jersey.

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Mac OS X, which based on BSD which is from Berkley, CA 1977. 😈

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Richard Stallman created a set of programs and libraries called GNU in 1983, but also created the idea of Free Software which later gave inspiration to Open Software via the GNU licence.

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Linux by a guy named Linux Torvalds in Finland 1991. 🐧

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Both Android and iOS devices, like iPhones, are based on these systems.


We are going to interact with these technologies at a much lower and closer level using the Terminal program.